1j. Killing the Unbelievers

Qur’an is full of commands to murder and massacre unbelievers. Let’s examine the teachings of Qur’an – specifically Chapter 9.

Qur’an 9:29Fight against those who (1) believe not in Allah, (2) nor in the Last Day, (3) nor forbid that which has been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger (4) and those who acknowledge not the religion of truth (i.e. Islam) among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), until they pay the Jizyah (Protection tax) with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued.

The word “Fight” is used to translate the Arabic word “Qatiloo”. This is used by many translators in order to “sugar-coat” the Qur’an to non-Arabic readers. Qatiloo actually means “kill or murder violently” in Arabic. To not lose credibility many translators go along with the flow.

-In the above verse (9.29) Muslims are commanded to fight/KILL:

• People who don’t believe in Allah.
• People who don’t believe in Judgement day.
• People who do things Allah forbids e.i pork, usury, drinking, gambling, homosexuality.
• People who don’t adopt Islam.
• Jews and Christians until they pay Jizya (protection tax).

Let’s have a look at the greatest scholar of Islam says about verse 9:29.

Ibn Kathir, The Battles of the Prophet, pp. 183-4
Allah, Most High, ordered the believers to prohibit the disbelievers from entering or coming near the sacred Mosque. On that, Quraish thought that this would reduce their profits from trade. Therefore, Allah, Most High, compensated them and ordered them to fight the people of the Book until they embrace Islam or pay the Jizyah. Allah says, “O ye who believe! Truly the pagans are unclean; so let them not, after this year of theirs, approach the sacred Mosque. And if ye fear poverty, soon will Allah enrich you, if He wills, out of His bounty, for Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. Fight those who believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, nor hold that forbidden which hath been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger, nor acknowledge the religion of Truth, from among the People of the Book, until they pay the Jizyah with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued.” Therefore, the Messenger of Allah decided to fight the Romans in order to call them to Islam.

Tafsir Ibn Kathir (on Qur’an 9:29-30)
Fighting the Jews and Christians is legislated because they are idolaters and disbelievers. Allah the Exalted encourages the believers to fight the polytheists, disbelieving Jews and Christians, who uttered this terrible statement and utter lies against Allah, the Exalted. As for the Jews, they claimed that Uzayr was the son of God, Allah is free of what they attribute to Him. As for the misguidance of Christians over Isa, it is obvious.

Is Qur’an 9:29 clear?

Muslims usually argue that it is taken out of context but Qur’an itself says it is a clear and detailed book. Notice that this verse doesn’t say fight those who fight you, it says fight against those who believe not… It commands Muslims to fight because of peoples’ beliefs.

Qur’an 6:114 – Shall I seek for a judge other than Allah, when He it is Who has sent down to you the Book fully explained?

Qur’an 11:1 – This is a Book, whose verses have been made firm and free from imperfection and then they have been expounded in detail.

Qur’an 12:1 – These are verses of the clear Book.

Qur’an 16:89 – And We have sent down to thee the Book explaining all things …

Qur’an 27:1 – These are verses of the Qur’an—a book that makes (things) clear.

Qur’an 41:3 – A Book, whereof the verses are explained in detail …

Qur’an 57:9 – He it is who sends down clear communications upon His servant, that he may bring you forth from utter darkness into light.

Doctrine of Abrogation

According to Qur’an, Allah can change his mind depending on the circumstances and send similar or better verses to abrogate (cancel) the earier verses. This is mentioned in Qur’an 2:106 and 16:101.

Qur’an 2:106 – Whatever a Verse (revelation) do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, We bring a better one or similar to it. Know you not that Allah is able to do all things?

Qur’an 16:101 – When We exchange a verse for another and Allah knows best what He is sending down they say: ‘You are but a forger.’ No, most of them do not know.

According to Ibn Kathir’s interpretation, part one, page 134
Abrogation is defined as “the removal of a verse or the change of a verse with another (newer) verse or to make something lawful which was unlawful or vice versa.” How many chapters in the Qur’an contain Abrogation? Seventy-one chapters contain abrogation which is over 60 percent of the Qur’an.

According to the Qur’an, when Muslims are faced with conflicting commands, they aren’t supposed to pick the one they like best. Rather, they are to go to history and see which verse was revealed last. Whichever verse came last is said to abrogate (or cancel) earlier revelations.

Last Chapter in Qur’an

Chapter 9 in Qur’an is known to be last chapter revealed to Muhammad, therefore this chapter abrogates (cancels) over hundred peaceful verses in Qur’an that condradict this chapter. Muslims will normally mention you the peaceful verses that are abrogated (cancelled) by Qur’an 9:29. Chapter 9 is called Sura at-Taubah or Sura al Bara’at.

Sahih Bukhari – Volume 5, Book 59, Hadith 650
Narrated Al-Bara: The last Sura which was revealed in full was Baraa (i.e. Sura-at-Tauba), and the last Sura (i.e. part of a Sura) which was revealed was the last Verses of Sura-an-Nisa’:– “They ask you for a legal decision. Say: Allah directs (thus) About those who have No descendants or ascendants As heirs.” (4.177)

Sahih Muslim – Book 11, Hadith 3940
Abu Ishaq said that he heard al-Bara’ b. ‘Azib say: The last verse revealed (in the Holy Quran) is that pertaining to Kalala, and the last sura revealed is Sura al-Bara’at.

———————–

This verse is called the Verse of the SWORD

Qur’an 9:5 – So when the sacred months have passed away, then slay the idolaters wherever you find them, and take them captives and besiege them and lie in wait for them in every ambush, then if they repent and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate, leave their way free to them; surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

According to this verse (9.5), Musriks (refers to non-Muslims who are not Jewish or Christian) must convert to Islam by praying and paying charity or be killed.

Verse 9:5 , which is called the verse of the sword by all Muslim scholars, abrogates 124 verses that are written in the Qur’an that speak softly about other religions and other people such as the people of the book. (Christians and Jews)

Tafsir Ibn Kathir (On Qur’an 9:5)
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq used this and other honorable Ayat as proof for fighting those who refrained from paying the Zakah. These Ayat allowed fighting people unless, and until, they embrace Islam and implement its rulings and obligations. Allah mentioned the most important aspects of Islam here, including what is less important. Surely, the highest elements of Islam after the Two Testimonials, are the prayer, which is the right of Allah, the Exalted and Ever High, then the Zakah, which benefits the poor and needy. These are the most honorable acts that creatures perform, and this is why Allah often mentions the prayer and Zakah together. In the Two Sahihs, it is recorded that Ibn `Umar said that the Messenger of Allah said, I have been commanded to fight the people until they testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, establish the prayer and pay the Zakah.
This honorable Ayah (9:5) was called the Ayah of the Sword, about which Ad-Dahhak bin Muzahim said, “It abrogated every agreement of peace between the Prophet and any idolator, every treaty, and every term.” Al-`Awfi said that Ibn `Abbas commented: “No idolator had any more treaty or promise of safety ever since Surah Bara’ah was revealed.
http://www.qtafsir.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2581&Itemid=64

Recap:

Qur’an 9:29 says Jews and Christians have three options: convert, pay tax or die.

Qur’an 9:5 says that people who are not Jewish or Christian (Hindu, Buddhist, Shinto, Atheist, Pagan, Polytheist etc.) have two options: convert or die.

Finally, there are no kind and peaceful verses in the Qur’an because Allah has changed his mind and abrogated peaceful verses with killing verses. Later verses received supersede the earlier verses. Qur’an is also not arranged chronologically; it starts with longest chapters and finishes with shortest chapters.

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