2a. Rights of Women in Islam

                        Women in Islam

Biggest books in Islam in order of authenticity:
1. Qur’an,
2. Sahih Bukhari,
3. Sahih Muslim,
4. Sunan Abu Dawud,
5. Jami’ at-Tirmidhi,
6. Sunan al-Nasa’i,
7. Sunan ibn Majah,
8. Maliks Muwatta.

Islamic law (sharia) represents a serious and growing threat to the safety, liberty and equality of women, and indeed children. The evidence for this assertion can be seen in Qur’an and the Sunnah.

-Mature men are allowed to marry prepubescent girls. Divorcing prepubescent girls implies marriage to them.
Qur’an 65:4 – In the case of those of your wives who have passed the age of menstruation, if you have any doubt, know that their waiting period is three months; and that will apply likewise to those who have not yet menstruated; the waiting period of those who are pregnant will be until they deliver their burden [give birth]. God makes things easy for those who are mindful of Him.

-Female is not the same as a male; they are not equal.
Qur’an 3:36 – But when she gave birth to a female child, she said: ´O Lord! I have given birth to a female´ – and Allah knew full well what she had given birth to – ´and a female is not the same as a male. I have named her Mary and commit her and her offspring to You for protection from Satan, the accursed.

-Men are in charge of women. Husbands may beat their wives.
Qur’an 4:34Men are the protectors and maintainers of women because Allah has made one of them excel over the other, and because they spend out of their possessions (to support them). Thus righteous women are obedient and guard the rights of men in their absence under Allah´s protection. As for women of whom you fear rebellion, admonish them, and remain apart from them in beds, and beat them. Then if they obey you, do not seek ways to harm them. Allah is Exalted, Great.

-A woman’s testimony counts half of a man’s testimony.
Qur’an 2:282 – And let two men from among you bear witness to all such documents [contracts of loans without interest]. But if two men be not available, there should be one man and two women to bear witness so that if one of the women forgets (anything), the other may remind her.

-A male gets a double share of the inheritance over that of a female.
Qur’an 4:11 – The share of the male shall be twice that of a female.

-Women are men’s sexual property.
Qur’an 2:223Your wives are your fields. Go, then, into your fields as you will. Do good deeds, and fear God, and know that you shall meet Him. Give good tidings to the believers.

-Men are above women. If a man divorces his wife he can take her back within 3 months.
Qur’an 2:228 -…Divorced women remain in waiting for three periods, and it is not lawful for them to conceal what Allah has created in their wombs if they believe in Allah and the Last Day. And their husbands have more right to take them back in this [period] if they want reconciliation. And due to the wives is similar to what is expected of them, according to what is reasonable. But the men have a degree over them [in responsibility and authority]. And Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise.

-Men can divorce their wives by saying “I divorce you”. Women don’t have this power.
Qur’an 2:229 – Divorce (may happen) twice; then keep them in reason, or let them go with kindness.

-A wife may remarry her ex-husband if and only if she marries another man, and then this second man divorces her.
Qur’an 2:230 – And if the husband divorces his wife (for the third time), she shall not remain his lawful wife after this (absolute) divorce, unless she marries another husband and the second husband divorces her. [In that case] there is no harm if they [the first couple] remarry.

-Marriage to orphan girls by their guardians is permitted if they are just to them (paying the full dowry).
-A man can marry four women, but a woman can only have one husband. A man can also marry his slaves (unlimited).
Qur’an 4:3 – And if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphangirls, then marry (other) women of your choice, two or three, or four but if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one or (the captives and the slaves) that your right hands possess. That is nearer to prevent you from doing injustice.

-But Muhammad had special permission to marry as many women as he desired or take them as slaves & concubines.
Qur’an 33:50 – O Prophet, We have made lawful to you those of your wives, whose dowers you have paid, and those women who come into your possession out of the slave-girls granted by Allah, and the daughters of your paternal uncles and aunts, and of your maternal uncles and aunts, who have migrated with you, and the believing woman who gives herself to the Prophet, if the Prophet may desire her. This privilege is for you only, not for the other believers…

-If a woman is raped she must provide four trustworthy male witnesses in court. Rape and adultery is considered under same category.
Qur’an 4:15 – If any of your women are guilty of lewdness, Take the evidence of four (Reliable) witnesses from amongst you against them; and if they testify, confine them to houses until death do claim them, or Allah ordain for them some (other) way.
Qur’an 24:4 – And those who accuse free women then do not bring four witnesses (to adultery), flog them…”
Qur’an 24:13 – Why did they not bring four witnesses of it? But as they have not brought witnesses they are liars before Allah.

-House arrest until death for women committing lesbianism or whoredom.
Qur’an 4:15 – And the two women who commit lewdness, you shall bring four witnesses over them from amongst you; if they bear witness, then you shall restrict them in the homes until death takes them, or God makes for them a way out.

-Gay men commiting homosexuality is forgiven if they repent. If they don’t they get stoned to death.
Qur’an 4:16 – If two men among you are guilty of lewdness, punish them both. If they repent and amend, Leave them alone; for Allah is Oft-returning, Most Merciful.

-Flogging by 100 stripes for committing fornication.
Qur’an 24:2 – The woman and the man guilty of adultery or fornication, – flog each of them with a hundred stripes: Let not compassion move you in their case, in a matter prescribed by Allah, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day: and let a party of the Believers witness their punishment.

-If a woman is raped she can only marry her rapist. Adulteress can only marry the adulterer/polytheist.
Qur’an 24:3 – The adulterer shall marry only an adulteress or a polytheist woman, and an adulteress shall marry only an adulterer or a polytheist man; such marriages are forbidden for believers.

If a woman fears her husband might divorce her she should compromise. (Muhammad wanted to divorce old wife Sawda)
Qur’an 4:128 – And if a woman fears from her husband contempt or evasion, there is no sin upon them if they make terms of settlement between them – and settlement is best. And present in [human] souls is stinginess. But if you do good and fear Allah – then indeed Allah is ever, with what you do, Acquainted.

-Women should stay at home and not travel without permission of husband/fathers.
Qur’an 33:32-33 – Wives of the Prophet, you are not like any other women. If you fear God, do not be too soft-spoken in case the ill-intentioned should feel tempted. Speak in an appropriate manner. Stay in your homes and do not flaunt your charms as in the former times of ignorance. Attend to your prayers, pay the zakat and obey God and His Messenger. Women of the [Prophets] Household, God seeks only to remove all impurity from you, and to make you completely pure.

-A Muslim man can marry a Christian or a Jewish woman.
Qur’an 5:5 – This day, good things have been made lawful for you. The food of the People of the Book is lawful to you, and your food is lawful to them. It is lawful for you to marry chaste Muslim women and chaste women of the People of the Book (Jews and Christians), provided, you pay their dowry, maintain chastity, and avoid fornication or lustful relations outside of marriage. The deeds of anyone who rejects the faith, certainly, become fruitless. He will be of those who lose on the Day of Judgment.

-Muslims may not marry polytheists/pagans/idolaters as well as non-Muslim men.
Qur’an 221 – Do not marry women who associate partners with God until they believe. A believing bondwoman is better than a woman who associates partners with God, however pleasing she may appear to you. Nor give believing women in marriage to men who associate partners with God, till they have believed; a believing bondman is certainly better than a man who associates partners with God, even though he may please you. Such people call you to Hell-fire; but God calls you to Paradise and to forgiveness. He makes His messages clear to people, so that they might bear them in mind.

-If a woman’s husband dies she must wait four months and ten days before remarrying – men straight away.
Qur’an 2:234 – Widows shall wait, keeping themselves apart from men, for four months and ten days after their husbands’ death. When they have reached the end of their waiting period, it shall be no offence for you to let them do whatever they choose for themselves, provided that it is decent. God is cognizant of all your actions.

-Women must lower their gaze, put headscarves on and not display their beauty to non-mahrams. No make up outside.
Qur’an 24:31– And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty; that they should not display their beauty and ornaments except what (must ordinarily) appear thereof; that they should draw their veils over their bosoms and not display their beauty except to their husbands, their fathers.

-Women are not clean.
Qur’an 2:222 – They ask about the monthly course. Say, “It is a state of impurity; so keep apart from women during their monthly course and do not go near them until they are clean. When they have cleansed themselves, then you may go to them in the manner Allah has enjoined you.” Most surely Allah loves those people who refrain from evil and keep themselves pure and clean.

Qur’an 5:6 – O you who believe! When you rise to pray, wash your faces and your hands and arms to the elbows, and wipe your heads, and your feet to the ankles. If you had intercourse, then purify yourselves. If you are ill, or travelling, or one of you returns from the toilet, or you had contact with women, and could not find water, then use some clean sand and wipe your faces and hands with it. God does not intend to burden you, but He intends to purify you, and to complete His blessing upon you, that you may be thankful.

 

Women in Hadith Collections

Hadith are reports of the teachings, deeds and sayings of Prophet Muhammad. Allah commands Muslims to obey and follow Muhammad in these two verses.
Qur’an 4:59 – O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad).

-Muhammad married a 6 year old Aisha when he was 51 years old.
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 7, Book 62, Hadith 64 (Second Biggest Book in Islam)
Narrated Aisha: that the Prophet married her when she was six years old and he consummated his marriage when she was nine years old, and then she remained with him for nine years (i.e., till his death).

-Never will succeed such a nation as makes a woman their ruler. No high positions for woman in Islam. (Q4:34)
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 9, Book 88, Hadith 219
Narrated Abu Bakra: During the battle of Al-Jamal, Allah benefited me with a Word (I heard from the Prophet). When the Prophet heard the news that the people of the Persia had made the daughter of Khosrau their Queen (ruler), he said, “Never will succeed such a nation as makes a woman their ruler.”

-Muhammad says woman’s mind is deficient.
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 3, Book 48, Hadith 826
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri: The Prophet said, “Isn’t the witness of a woman equal to half of that of a man?” The women said, “Yes.” He said, “This is because of the deficiency of a woman’s mind.”

-Blood money of a woman is half of a man.
Muwatta Malik – Book 43, Hadith 4b
Yahya related to me from Malik that Ibn Shihab and also Urwa ibn az-Zubayr said the same as Said ibn al-Musayyab said about a woman. Her blood-money from a man is the same up to a third of the blood-money of a man. If what she is owed exceeds a third of the blood-money of the man, she is given up to half of the blood-money of a man.

-Marriage contract is to sexually enjoy women.
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 7, Book 62, Hadith 81
Narrated ‘Uqba: The Prophet said: “The stipulations most entitled to be abided by are those with which you are given the right to enjoy the (women’s) private parts (i.e. the stipulations of the marriage contract).”

-Muhammad’s wife says “You have made us equal to the dogs and the asses”.
Sahih Muslim – Book 4, Hadith 1039 (Third biggest book in Islam)
Al-Aswad reported that Aisha said: You have made us equal to the dogs and the asses, whereas I lay on the bedstead and the Messenger of Allah came there and stood in the middle of the bedstead and said prayer. I did not like to take off the quilt from me (in that state), so I moved away quietly from the front legs of the bedstead and thus came out of the quilt.

-Women advances and retires in the shape of a devil.
Sahih Muslim – Book 8, Hadith 3240
Jabir reported that Allah’s Messenger saw a woman, and so he came to his wife, Zainab, as she was tanning a leather and had sexual intercourse with her. He then went to his Companions and told them: The woman advances and retires in the shape of a devil, so when one of you sees a woman, he should come to his wife, for that will repel what he feels in his heart.

-Wifes can be flogged but not as hard as a slave.
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 7, Book 62, Hadith 132
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Zam’a: The Prophet said, “None of you should flog his wife as he flogs a slave and then have sexual intercourse with her in the last part of the day.”

-It is not permissible for a woman to be alone with a man who is not her mahram (even a suitor).
-It is not permissible for women to work in male environments.
-It is not permissible for women to shake hands with men (non-mahram).
-It is not permissible for women to have a boyfriend or date members of the opposite sex.
-It is not permissible for alone woman to allow any non-mahram man to her house (Even an engineer/police).
-It is not permissible for women to travel alone without a mahram.

Sahih Bukhari – Volume 4, Book 52, Hadith 250 & Volume 7, Book 62, Hadith 160
[The Prophet said] “It is not permissible for a man to be alone with a woman, and no lady should travel except with a Muhram (i.e. her husband or a person whom she cannot marry in any case for ever; e.g. her father, brother, etc.).” Neither is a woman allowed to travel by herself.

Sahih Muslim – Book 7, Hadith 3112
Ibn Juraij narrated this hadith with the same chain of transmitters, but he made no mention of it: “No person (man) should be alone with a woman except when there is a Mahram with her.”

-If a man and a woman are together then Satan is the third person.
Jami’ at-Tirmidhi – Book 7, Hadith 2165
Ibn ‘Umar narrated:” ‘Umar delivered a Khutbah to us at Al-Jabiyah. He said: ‘O you people! Indeed I have stood among you as the Messenger of Allah stood among us, and he said: “…A man is not alone with a woman but the third of them is Ash-Shaitan (Satan).”

-Women must ask for permission to go out, even if they go to the mosque.
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 1, Book 12, Hadith 832
Narated by Salim bin ‘Abdullah: My father said, “The Prophet said, ‘If the wife of any one of you asks permission (to go to the mosque) do not forbid her.”

Sahih Muslim – Book 4, Hadith 887
“lbn Umar reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah say: When your women seek your permission for going to the mosque, you grant them (permission).”

-A wife must ask her husband for permission to fast and before allowing anybody into their house.
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 7, Book 62, Hadith 123
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “It is not lawful for a lady to fast (Nawafil) without the permission of her husband when he is at home; and she should not allow anyone to enter his house except with his permission; and if she spends of his wealth (on charitable purposes) without being ordered by him, he will get half of the reward.”

Sunan Abu Dawud – Book 13, Hadith 2453
Narrated AbuSa’id al-Khudri: …The Apostle of Allah said on that day: A woman should not fast except with the permission of her husband.

Sahih Muslim – Book 8, Hadith 3399
‘A’isha reported that …I said: Allah’s Messenger, Aflah is the brother of Abu’l-Qulais; he came to me to seek my permission for entering (the house). I did not like the idea of granting him permission until I had solicited your opinion. Thereupon Allah’s Apostle said: Grant him permission. ‘Urwa said it was on account of this that ‘A’isha used to say. What is unlawful by reason of consanguinity is unlawful by reason of fosterage.

-Women must ask her husband for permission to go to her parents.
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 9, Book 92, Hadith 463
Narrated Aisha: “O Allah’s Apostle! Will you allow me to go to my parents’ home?” He allowed her and sent a slave along with her.

-Be good to women; they are your prisoners. If they have evil behaviour then beat them.
Jami’ at-Tirmidhi – Book 7, Hadith 1163
Sulaiman bin Amr bin Al-Ahwas said: “My father narrated to me that he witnessed the farewell Hajj with the Messenger of Allah. So he thanked and praised Allah and he reminded and gave admonition. He mentioned a story in his narration and he (the Prophet) said: “And indeed I order you to be good to the women, for they are but captives with you over whom you have no power than that, except if they come with manifest Fahishah (evil behavior). If they do that, then abandon their beds and beat them with a beating that is not harmful.

-A man must divorce his wife if ordered by his father.
Sunan Ibn Majah – Book 10, Hadith 2088
It was narrated that ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar said: “I had a wife whom I loved, but my father hated her. ‘Umar mentioned that to the Prophet and he ordered me to divorce her, so I divorced her.”

-Women who are irrevocably divorced are not entitled to accommodation or allowance.
Sahih Muslim – Book 9, Hadith 3522 & 3521
Fatima bint Qais reported from Allah’s Messenger that there is no lodging and maintenance allowance for a woman who has been given irrevocable divorce.

-Majority of hell’s dwellers are women.
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 1, Book 2, Hadith 28
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas: The Prophet said: “I was shown the Hell-fire and that the majority of its dwellers were women who were ungrateful.” It was asked, “Do they disbelieve in Allah?” (or are they ungrateful to Allah?) He replied, “They are ungrateful to their husbands and are ungrateful for the favors and the good (charitable deeds) done to them. If you have always been good (benevolent) to one of them and then she sees something in you (not of her liking), she will say, ‘I have never received any good from you.”

Jami’ at-Tirmidhi – Book 8, Hadith 1189
Ibn Umar narrated: “I had a wife whom I loved, but my father disliked her, so he ordered me to divorce her but I refused. I mentioned that to the Prophet and he said: ‘O Abdullah bin Umar! Divorce your wife.'”

-If a woman is irrevocably divorced three times, she must marry another man then divorce him to marry first husband.
Sahih Muslim – Book 8, Hadith 3359
Aisha reported: A person divorced his wife by three pronouncements; then another person married her and he also divorced her without having sexual intercourse with her. Then the first husband of her intended to remarry her. It was about such a case that Allah’s Messenger was asked, whereupon he said: No, until the second one has tasted her sweetness as the first one had tasted.

Sunan Abu Dawud – Book 12, Hadith 2302
Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin: The Messenger of Allah was asked about a man who divorced his wife three times, and she married another who entered upon her, but divorced her before having intercourse with her, whether she was lawful for the former husband. She said: The Prophet replied: She is not lawful for the first (husband) until she tastes the honey of the other husband and he tastes her honey.

-Women are harmful to men.
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 7, Book 62, Hadith 33
Narrated Usama bin Zaid: The Prophet said, “After me I have not left any affliction more harmful to men than women.”

-Virgin girl’s consent for marriage is her silence.
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 9, Book 85, Hadith 79
Narrated `Aisha: I asked the Prophet, “O Allah’s Messenger! Should the women be asked for their consent to their marriage?” He said, “Yes.” I said, “A virgin, if asked, feels shy and keeps quiet.” He said, “Her silence means her consent.”
Sahih Muslim – Book 8, Hadith 3308 – Same Hadith
Sunan Abi Dawud – Book 11, Hadith 2095 – Same Hadith
Jami’ at-Tirmidhi – Book 6, Hadith 1101 – Same Hadith

-Temporary marriage is allowed (Mut’a).
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 7, Book 62, Hadith 52
Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah and Salama bin Al-Akwa’: While we were in an army, Allah’s Apostle came to us and said, “You have been allowed to do the Mut’a (marriage), so do it.” Salama bin Al-Akwa’ said: Allah’s Apostle’s said, “If a man and a woman agree (to marry temporarily), their marriage should last for three nights, and if they like to continue, they can do so; and if they want to separate, they can do so.” I do not know whether that was only for us or for all the people in general. Abu Abdullah (Bukhari) said: ‘Ali made it clear that the Prophet said, “The Mut’a marriage has been cancelled (made unlawful).”

-Muslim women are not allowed to mourn the death of a family member more than three days except her husband.
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 7, Book 63, Hadith 252
Narrated Um Habiba: The Prophet said, “It is not lawful for a Muslim woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to mourn for more than three days, except for her husband, for whom she should mourn for four months and ten days.”

Sahih Muslim – Book 9, Hadith 3549
‘A’isha reported Allah’s Messenger as saying: It is not permissible for a woman believing in Allah and the Hereafter to observe mourning on the dead for more than three (days), except in case of her husband.

Sunan Abu Dawud – Book 12, Hadith 2292
Humaid ibn Nafi’ reported the following three traditions on the authority of Zaynab, daughter of Abu Salamah: Zainab said: I visited Umm Habibah when her father AbuSufyan, died. She asked for some yellow perfume containing saffron (khaluq) or something else. Then she applied it to a girl and touched her cheeks. She said: I have no need of perfume, but I heard the Messenger of Allah say: It is not lawful for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to observe mourning for one who has died, more than three nights, except for four months and ten days in the case of a husband.

-Angels curse a woman who refuses sex to her husband.
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 4, Book 54, Hadith 460 & Volume 7, Book 62, Hadith 12
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “If a husband calls his wife to his bed (i.e. to have sexual relation) and she refuses and causes him to sleep in anger, the angels will curse her till morning.”

Sahih Muslim – Book 8, Hadith 3366
Abu Huraira reported that Allah’s Apostle said: When a woman spends the night away from the bed of her husband, the angels curse her until morning.

Sahih Muslim – Book 8, Hadith 3368
Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger as saying: When a man invites his wife to his bed and she does not come, and he (the husband) spends the sight being angry with her, the angels curse her until morning.

Sunan Ibn Majah – Book 9, Hadith 1853
The messenger of Allah said: …“If he asks her (for intimacy) even if she is on her camel saddle, she should not refuse.

-Muhammad says women are deficient in intelligence and religion. They can’t pray during menstruation.
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 1, Book 6, Hadith 301
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri: Once Allah’s Apostle went out to the Musalla (to offer the prayer) o ‘Id-al-Adha or Al-Fitr prayer. Then he passed by the women and said, “O women! Give alms, as I have seen that the majority of the dwellers of Hell-fire were you (women).” They asked, “Why is it so, O Allah’s Apostle ?” He replied, “You curse frequently and are ungrateful to your husbands. I have not seen anyone more deficient in intelligence and religion than you. A cautious sensible man could be led astray by some of you.” The women asked, “O Allah’s Apostle! What is deficient in our intelligence and religion?” He said, “Is not the evidence of two women equal to the witness of one man?” They replied in the affirmative. He said, “This is the deficiency in her intelligence. Isn’t it true that a woman can neither pray nor fast during her menses?” The women replied in the affirmative. He said, “This is the deficiency in her religion.”

Sahih Muslim – Book 8, Hadith 12
Umm ‘Atiyya reported: The Messenger of Allah commanded us to bring out on’Id-ul-Fitr and ‘Id-ul-Adha young women, menstruating women and purdah-observing ladies, menstruating women kept back from prayer, but participated in goodness and supplication of the Muslims. I said: Messenger of Allah, one of us does not have an outer garment (to cover her face and body). He said: Let her sister cover her with her outer garment.

-Menstruation is from Satan.
Sunan Ibn Majah – Book 5, Hadith 969
It was narrated from ‘Adi bin Thabit, from his father, from his grandfather, that the Prophet said: “Spitting, blowing one’s nose, menstruating and drowsiness during the prayer are from Satan.”

-Muhammad hits his child bride Aisha because she left the house without his permission.
Sahih Muslim – Book 4, Hadith 2127
….He said: Was it the darkness (of your shadow) that I saw in front of me? I said: Yes. He struck me on the chest which caused me pain, and then said: Did you think that Allah and His Apostle would deal unjustly with you?

-A man must not be asked why he beat his wife.
Sunan Abu Dawud – Book 11, Hadith 2142
Narrated Umar ibn al-Khattab: The Prophet said: A man will not be asked as to why he beat his wife.

Sunan Ibn Majah – Book 9, Hadith 1986
It was narrated that Ash’ath bin Qais said: “I was a guest (at the home) of ‘Umar one night, and in the middle of the night he went and hit his wife, and I separated them. When he went to bed he said to me: ‘O Ash’ath, learn from me something that I heard from the Messenger of Allah” A man should not be asked why he beats his wife, and do not go to sleep until you have prayed the Witr.”‘ And I forgot the third thing.”

-Believing women suffer more beating.
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 7, Book 72, Hadith 715
Narrated `Ikrima: Rifa`a divorced his wife whereupon `AbdurRahman bin Az-Zubair Al-Qurazi married her. `Aisha said that the lady (came), wearing a green veil (and complained to her (Aisha) of her husband and showed her a green spot on her skin caused by beating). It was the habit of ladies to support each other, so when Allah’s Messenger came, `Aisha said, “I have not seen any woman suffering as much as the believing women. Look! Her skin is greener than her clothes!”

-Muslim man or woman is not allowed to give a stranger a second look.
Sunan Abu Dawud – Book 11, Hadith 2144
Narrated Buraydah ibn al-Hasib: The Prophet said: to Ali: Do not give a second look, Ali, (because) while you are not to blame for the first, you have no right to the second.

-Last rows are best for women worst for men.
Sahih Muslim – Book 4, Hadith 881
It was narrated from Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah said: The best rows for men are the first rows, and the worst ones the last ones, and the best rows for women are the last ones and the worst ones for them are the first ones.

Sunan Abu Dawud – Book 2, Hadith 678
Abu Hurairah reported the Messenger of Allah as saying: the best of the men’s row is the first and the worst of them is the last, but the best of the women’s rows is the last and the worst of them is the first.

-Hair extention, tattoo, facial hair removal and creating space between teeth are not allowed.
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 7, Book 72, Hadith 824
Narrated Asma’: A woman asked the Prophet saying, “O Allah’s Apostle! My daughter got measles and her hair fell out. Now that I got her married, may I let her use false hair?” He said (to her), “Allah has cursed the lady who lengthens hair artificially and the one who gets her hair lengthened artificially.”

Sahih Bukhari – Volume 7, Book 72, Hadith 826
Narrated Ibn Mas’ud: Allah has cursed those women who practise tattooing or get it done for themselves, and those who remove hair from their faces, and those who create spaces between their teeth artificially to look beautiful, such ladies as change the features created by Allah. Why then shall I not curse those whom Allah’s Apostle has cursed and who are cursed in Allah’s Book too?

Jami’ at-Tirmidhi – Book 43, Hadith 3011
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar: that the Prophet said: “Allah’s curse is upon the woman who lengthens hair and the women who seeks to have her hair lengthened, and the woman who tattoos and the woman who seeks to have her herself tattooed.”

-To permit men to be alone with women they can be suckled (breastfeed) so they become unlawful for marriage. Muhammad commanded a married woman to nurse her husband’s adopted son, even though he had reached puberty.
Sahih Muslim – Book 8, Hadith 3424 & 3425
Aisha reported that Salim, the freed slave of Abu Hadhaifa, lived with him and his family in their house. She (i. e. the daughter of Suhail came to Allah’s Apostle and said: Salim has attained (puberty) as men attain, and he understands what they understand, and he enters our house freely, I, however, perceive that something (rankles) in the heart of Abu Hudhaifa, whereupon Allah’s Apostle said to her: Suckle him and you would become unlawful for him, and (the rankling) which Abu Hudhaifa feels in his heart will disappear. She returned and said: So I suckled him, and what (was there) in the heart of Abu Hudhaifa disappeared.

Sunan Ibn Majah – Book 9, Hadith 1943
It was narrated that ‘Aishah said: “Sahlah bint Suhail came to the Prophet and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, I see signs of displeasure on the face of Abu Hudhaifah when Salim enters upon me.” The Prophet said: “Breastfed him.” She said: “How can I breastfeed him when he is a grown man? The Messenger of Allah smiled and said: “I know that he is a grown man.” So she did that, then she came to the Prophet and said: “I have never seen any signs of displeasure on the face of Abu Hudhayfah after that.” And he was present at (the battle of) Badr. (Sahih)

Sahih Muslim – Book 8, Hadith 3427
Umm Salama said to Aisha: A young boy who is at the threshold of puberty comes to you. I, however, do not like that he should come to me. Whereupon Aisha said: Don’t you see in Allah’s Messenger a model for you? The wife of Abu Hudhaifa said: Salim comes to me and now he is grown-up, whereupon Allah’s Messenger said: Suckle him, and thus he may be able to come to you freely.

Maliks Muwatta – Book 49, Hadith 35
Yahya said that Malik was asked, “Can a woman eat with other than her relative or slave?” Malik said, “There is no harm in that if it is in a manner which is accepted for a woman to eat with men.” Malik said, “A woman sometimes eats with her husband and with others he dines with or with her brother in the same way. It is disapproved of for a woman to be alone with a man when there is no relationship between them by blood, marriage or suckling that would prevent him marrying her.”

Maliks Muwatta – Book 30, Hadith 3.17
Yahya related to me from Malik from Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr ibn Hazm from Amra bint Abd ar-Rahman that A’isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Amongst what was sent down of the Qur’an was ‘ten known sucklings make haram’ – then it was abrogated by ‘five known sucklings’. When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, died, it was what is now recited of the Qur’an.” Yahya said that Malik said, “One does not act on this.”

-Women who want divorce are hypocrites: they go to hell (Qur’an 4:145).
Jami’ at-Tirmidhi – Book 8, Hadith 1186
Thawban narrated that: The Prophet said: “The women who seek a Khul are hypocrites.”

-No paradise for a woman who want a divorce without a strong reason.
Sunan Abu Dawud – Book 12, Hadith 2218
Narrated Thawban: The Prophet said: If any woman ASKS her husband for divorce without some strong reason, the odour of Paradise will be forbidden to her.

First, the woman needs to ask for a divorce, which means she can’t simply pronounce one even though the man can do so and doesn’t need to ask. Second, she must have a strong reason to want a divorce. Women only have such a right if the husband gave it to them, otherwise, and that is the implication, they do not have a right to divorce in general.

-Marriage is invalid if woman marries without her guardian.
Sunan Abu Dawud – Book, Hadith 2078
The Apostle of Allah said: The marriage of a woman who marries without the consent of her guardians is void. (He said these words) three times. If there is cohabitation, she gets her dower for the intercourse her husband has had. If there is a dispute, the sultan (man in authority) is the guardian of one who has none.

Jami’ at-Tirmidhi – Book 6, Hadith 1102 & 1101
Aishah narrated that: The Messenger of Allah said: “Whichever woman married without the permission of her Wali her marriage is invalid, her marriage is invalid, her marriage is invalid. If he entered into her, then the Mahr is for her in lieu of what he enjoyed from her private part. If they disagree, then the Sultan is the Wali for one who has no Wali.”
Sunan Ibn Majah – Book 9, Hadith 1879 – Same Hadith

-A woman cannot get married without a male guardian. A woman who arranges her own marriage is an adulteress.
Sunan Ibn Majah – Book 9, Hadith 1882
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that: the Messenger of Allah said: “No woman should arrange the marriage of another woman, and no woman should arrange her own marriage. The adulteress is the one who arranges her own marriage.”

Jami’ at-Tirmidhi – Book 6, Hadith 1103
Ibn Abbas narrated that: the Prophet said: “The adulteresses are the ones who marry themselves without Bayyinah (proof).”

-Yet it was ok for women to give themselves to Muhammad!
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 6, Book 60, Hadith 311
Narrated Aisha: I used to look down upon those ladies who had given themselves to Allah’s Apostle and I used to say, “Can a lady give herself (to a man)?” But when Allah revealed: “You (O Muhammad) can postpone (the turn of) whom you will of them (your wives), and you may receive any of them whom you will; and there is no blame on you if you invite one whose turn you have set aside (temporarily).” (33.51) I said (to the Prophet), “I feel that your Lord hastens in fulfilling your wishes and desires.”

-Aisha is superior to other women.
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 4, Book 55, Hadith 623
Narrated Abu Musa: Allah’s Apostle said, “Many amongst men reached (the level of) perfection but none amongst the women reached this level except Asia, Pharaoh’s wife, and Mary, the daughter of ‘Imran. And no doubt, the superiority of Aisha to other women is like the superiority of Tharid (i.e. a meat and bread dish) to other meals.”

-Best woman is one who pleases her husband and obeys him.
Jami’ at-Tirmidhi – Hadith 3272
Narrated AbuHurayrah: When Allah’s Messenger was asked which woman was best he replied, “The one who pleases (her husband) when he looks at her, obeys him when he gives a command, and does not go against his wishes regarding her person or property by doing anything of which he disapproves.” Nasa’i and Bayhaqi, in Shu’ab al-Iman transmitted it.

Sunan an-Nasa’i – Book 26, Hadith 3233
Narrated Abu Hurairah: It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said: “It was said to the Messenger of Allah: ‘Which woman is best?’ He said: ‘The one who makes him happy when he looks at her, obeys him when he commands her, and she does not go against his wishes with regard to herself nor her wealth.'”

-Women should prostrate before their husbands because of special right given by Allah.
Sunan Abu Dawud – Book 11, Hadith 2135
Narrated Qays ibn Sa’d: I went to al-Hirah and saw them (the people) prostrating themselves before a satrap of theirs, so I said: The Apostle of Allah has most right to have prostration made before him. When I came to the Prophet, I said: I went to al-Hirah and saw them prostrating themselves before a satrap of theirs, but you have most right, Apostle of Allah, to have (people) prostrating themselves before you. He said: Tell me, if you were to pass my grave, would you prostrate yourself before it? I said: No. He then said: Do not do so. If I were to command anyone to make prostration before another I would command women to prostrate themselves before their husbands, because of the special right over them given to husbands by Allah.

-Men must not marry women who cannot bear children.
Sunan Abu Dawud – Book 11, Hadith 2045
A man asked: “I have found a woman, but she does not give birth to children. Should I marry her?” Muhammad said: “No. Marry women who are loving and very prolific, for I shall outnumber the peoples by you.”

-Majority of heaven’s dwellers is poor people and majority of hell’s dwellers are women.
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 7, Book 62, Hadith 124
Narrated Usama: The Prophet said, “I stood at the gate of Paradise and saw that the majority of the people who entered it were the poor, while the wealthy were stopped at the gate (for the accounts). But the companions of the Fire were ordered to be taken to the Fire. Then I stood at the gate of the Fire and saw that the majority of those who entered it were women.”

Sahih Muslim – Book 36, Hadith 6597
Ibn Abbas reported that Allah’s Messenger said: I had a chance to look into the Paradise and I found that majority of the people was poor and I looked into the Fire and there I found the majority constituted by women.

Sahih Muslim – Book 36, Hadith 6600
Imran b. Husain reported that Allah’s Messenger said: Amongst the inmates of Paradise the women would form a minority.

-Women have evil in them.
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 4, Book 52, Hadith 110
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar: I heard the Prophet saying. “Evil omen is in three things: The horse, the woman and the house.”

-A woman presents herself in marriage to Muhammad, but he “donates” her on the spot to another man.
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 7, Book 62, Hadith 58
…When Allah’s Apostle saw him leaving, he ordered that he be called back. When he came, the Prophet asked (him), “How much of the Qur’an do you know (by heart)?” The man replied, I know such Sura and such Sura and such Sura,” naming the suras. The Prophet said, “Can you recite it by heart?” He said, ‘Yes.” The Prophet said, “Go I let you marry her for what you know of the Quran (as her Mahr).

Sahih Bukhari – Volume 7, Book 62, Hadith 63
Narrated Sahl bin Sad: While we were sitting in the company of the Prophet a woman came to him and presented herself (for marriage) to him. The Prophet looked at her, lowering his eyes and raising them, but did not give a reply. One of his companions said, “Marry her to me O Allah’s Apostle!” The Prophet asked (him), “Have you got anything?” He said, “I have got nothing.” The Prophet said, “Not even an iron ring?” He Sad, “Not even an iron ring, but I will tear my garment into two halves and give her one half and keep the other half.” The Prophet; said, “No. Do you know some of the Quran (by heart)?” He said, “Yes.” The Prophet said, “Go, I have agreed to marry her to you with what you know of the Qur’an (as her Mahr).” ‘And for those who have no courses (i.e. they are still immature). (65.4) And the ‘Iddat for the girl before puberty is three months

-Ansari tribe treated their women better than the Muslims did, and their women had the upper hand.
Sahih Bukhari – Volume 3, Book 43, Hadith 648
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas: ….We, the people of Quraish, used to have authority over women, but when we came to live with the Ansar, we noticed that the Ansari women had the upper hand over their men, so our women started acquiring the habits of the Ansari women. Once I shouted at my wife and she paid me back in my coin and I disliked that she should answer me back. She said, ‘Why do you take it ill that I retort upon you? By Allah, the wives of the Prophet retort upon him, and some of them may not speak with him for the whole day till night.’ What she said scared me and I said to her, ‘Whoever amongst them does so, will be a great loser.’ … So, I entered upon the Prophet and saw him lying on a mat without bedding on it, and the mat had left its mark on the body of the Prophet, and he was leaning on a leather pillow stuffed with palm fibres. I greeted him and while still standing, I said: “Have you divorced your wives?” He raised his eyes to me and replied in the negative. And then while still standing, I said chatting: “Will you heed what I say, O Allah’s Apostle! We, the people of Quraish used to have the upper hand over our women (wives), and when we came to the people whose women had the upper hand over them…”

-Women are not allowed to visit graves.
Sunan Abu Dawud – Book 20, Hadith 3230
Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: The Messenger of Allah cursed women who visit graves, those who built mosques over them and erected lamps (there).

Jami’ at-Tirmidhi – Book 5, Hadith 1056
Abu Hurairah narrated: “Indeed the Messenger of Allah cursed the women who visit the graves.”

Sunan Ibn Majah – Book 6, Hadith 1575
It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbas said: “The Messenger of Allah cursed women who visit graves.”

-Female genital mutilation
Sahih Muslim – Book 3, Hadith 684
Abu Musa reported: The Messenger of Allah said: When anyone sits amidst four parts (of the woman) and the circumcised parts touch each other a bath becomes obligatory.

Sunan Abu Dawud – Book 43, Hadith 499
Narrated Umm Atiyyah al-Ansariyyah: A woman used to perform circumcision in Medina. The Prophet said to her: Do not cut severely as that is better for a woman and more desirable for a husband.
Sunan Abu Dawud said: It has been transmitted by ‘Ubaid Allah b. ‘Amr from ‘Abd al-Malik to the same effect through a different chain. Sunan Abu Dawud said: It is not a strong tradition. It has been transmitted in mursal form (missing the link of the Companions).

Sahih Bukhari – Volume 7, Book 72, Hadith 777
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Messenger said, “Five practices are characteristics of the Fitra: circumcision, shaving the pubic region, clipping the nails and cutting the moustaches short.”

Sunan Ibn Majah – Book 1, Hadith 611
It was narrated from ‘Amr bin Shu’aib from his father, that his grandfather said: “The Messenger of Allah said: ‘When the two circumcised parts meet, and (the tip of the penis) disappears, then bath is obligatory.'”

Sahih Bukhari: Al-Adab Al-Mufrad – Book 53, Hadith 1245
An old woman from Kufa, the grandmother of ‘Ali ibn Ghurab, reported that Umm al-Muhajir said, “I was captured with some girls from Byzantium. ‘Uthman offered us Islam, but only myself and one other girl accepted Islam. ‘Uthman said, ‘Go and circumcise them and purify them.'”

Jami’ at-Tirmidhi – Book 1, Hadith 108
Aishah narrated: “When the circumcised meets the circumcised, then indeed Ghusl is required. Myself and Allah’s Messenger did that, so we performed Ghusl.”

-The veiling was introduced by Muhammad for women to not be recognised when going out to ease themselves.
‘Aisha reported that the wives of Allah’s Messenger used to go out in the cover of night when they went to open fields (in the outskirts of Medina) for easing themselves. ‘Umar b Khattab used to say: Allah’s Messenger, ask your ladies to observe veil, but Allah’s Messenger did not do that. So there went out Sauda, daughter of Zarn’a, the wife of Allah’s Messenger, during one of the nights when it was dark. She was a tall statured lady. ‘Umar called her saying: Sauda, we recognise you. (He did this with the hope that the verses pertaining to veil would be revealed). ‘Aisha said: Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, then revealed the verses pertaining to veil.

Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (17/339)
It is haraam for a woman to travel without a mahram in all cases, whether the journey is long or short. End quote.

Tabari – Tafsir IX: 113
Allah permits you to shut them in separate rooms and to beat them, but not severely. If they abstain, they have the right to food and clothing. Treat women well for they are like domestic animals and they possess nothing themselves. Allah has made the enjoyment of their bodies lawful in his Qur’an.

Al-Ghazali also states “It is a fact that all the trials, misfortunes and woes which befall men come from women”. In his Book of Counsel for Kings, Ghazali sums up eighteen punishments that a woman has to endure resulting from the curse Eve received for eating from the tree of knowledge in the Garden of Eden:
• Menstruation; Childbirth; Pregnancy
• Separation from mother and father and marriage to a stranger;
• Not having control over her own person;
• Half the share in inheritance compared to male
• Her liability to be divorced and inability to divorce;
• It being lawful for men to have four wives, but for a woman to have only one husband;
• She must stay secluded in the house;
• She must keep her head covered inside the house;
• Two women’s testimony equals the testimony of one man;
• She must not go out unless accompanied by a near relative;
• Men take part in Friday and feast day prayers and funerals while women do not;
• Disqualification from positions such as ruler and judge;
• Merit has one thousand components, only one of which is attributable to women, while 999 are attributable to men;
• If women are profligate they will be given twice as much torment as the rest of the community on Resurrection Day;
• If their husbands die they must observe a waiting period of four months and ten days before remarrying;
• If their husbands divorce them they must observe a waiting period of three months or three menstruations before remarrying.

Al-Ghazali is considered the greatest Muslim theologian. Al-Ghazali describes the institution of marriage as follows:”Marriage is a form of slavery. The woman is man’s slave and her duty therefore is absolute obedience to the husband in all that he asks of her person. A woman, who at the moment of death enjoys the full approval of her husband, will find her place in Paradise.” – Ihya’ ‘Uloum ed-Din by Ghazali.

Only one female (Mary) is mentioned in the whole of Qur’an, whereas the Bible contains names of 49 women and 93 women speak.

Women rights in Islam

She can’t go out without wearing a hijab.
She can’t go out without permission.
She can’t travel alone without male quardian (mahram).
She can’t go out without burqa even if she goes out alone.
She can’t go to mosque without permission.
She can’t pray during menstruation.
She can’t go to her parents without permission.
She can’t fast without permission.
She can’t study without permission.
She can’t work without permission.
She can’t hold high authority positions.
She can’t work in an environment where there are men.
She can’t open a bank account without permission.
She can’t look up at men twice.
She can’t speak to male strangers unless compulsory.
She can’t shake hands with men.
She can’t touch or kiss men.
She can’t be alone with a man.
She can’t have a boyfriend.
She can’t have sex without marriage.
She can’t marry a non-Muslim man.
She can’t choose her mate easily.
She can’t arrange her own marriage.
She can’t give other women away for marriage.
She can’t marry without the permission of a guardian.
She can’t object to her husband bringing up to three more wives.
She can’t object to her husband having intercourse with a war captive.
She can’t refuse sex to her husband.
She can’t be the head of the household.
She can’t let anybody into the house without permission.
She can’t spend household money without permission.
She can’t object to being beaten up for being disobedient.
She can’t divorce without permission.
She can’t take custody of children after divorce without permission.
She can’t remarry for 3 months.
She can’t remarry for 4 months 10 days if husband dies.
She can’t take part in a physical battle (can cook and treat wounded).
She can’t follow a bier.
She can’t visit graves.
She can’t leave Islam.

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